Home » Old mines find new purpose as ‘battery’ for recycling waste heat

Old mines find new purpose as ‘battery’ for recycling waste heat

by Mark Cantrell
A first-of-its-kind system in the UK is being trialled in Edinburgh, Scotland, to see if waste heat from a large computing facility can be stored in disused mine workings and used to warm homes

A first-of-its-kind system in the UK is being trialled in Edinburgh, Scotland, to see if waste heat from a large computing facility can be stored in disused mine workings and used to warm homes.

The large amounts of energy needed to power the University of Edinburgh’s Advanced Computing Facility (ACF) could be recycled to heat at least 5,000 households in Scotland’s capital, the team behind the project claim.

The facility, home to the national supercomputer and used for research such as national climate modelling, and health data modelling, currently releases up to 70 GWh of excess heat per year.

This is projected to rise to 272 GWh once the UK government’s recently announced next-generation Exascale supercomputer is installed at the university.

The £2.6m feasibility study will examine how the water in old mine workings near the computing facility could be harnessed to heat people’s homes.

The process of cooling the supercomputers would be augmented to transfer the captured heat into the mine water – up to a maximum temperature of 40C – which would then be transported by natural ground water flow in the mine workings, and made available to warm people’s homes via heat pump technology.

Professor Christopher McDermott, lead academic on the project, from the University of Edinburgh’s School of Geosciences, said: “This project opens up the potential for extracting heat stored in mine water more broadly.

“Most disused coalmines are flooded with water, making them ideal heat sources for heat pumps. With more than 800,000 households in Scotland in fuel poverty, bringing energy costs down in a sustainable way is critical, and using waste heat could be a game-changer.”

If successful, the study could provide a global blueprint for converting abandoned flooded coal, shale and mineral mine networks into underground heat storage.

A quarter of UK homes sit above former mines, the researchers say, meaning potentially seven million households could have their heating needs met this way.

A first-of-its-kind system in the UK is being trialled in Edinburgh, Scotland, to see if waste heat from a large computing facility can be stored in disused mine workings and used to warm homes
University of Edinburgh’s supercomputing facility. Credit: Keith Hunter

International partnership

The Edinburgh Geobattery project – led by Edinburgh-based geothermal company TownRock Energy – is being spearheaded by industry and academic partners from Scotland, the US and Ireland.

David Townsend, founder of TownRock Energy, said: “We are pleased to be leading this multi-national research consortium, benefiting from world-leading academic expertise. Capturing, storing and re-using waste heat is critically important to reaching net zero, and here we are learning and testing how best to do this in the ground, in legacy coal mine infrastructure.”

Edinburgh University is the lead research partner on the project, and is providing £500,000 of funding as part of its own net zero objectives.

Scottish Enterprise has awarded a £1m grant to the project through the Joint Programming Platform Smart Energy Systems (JPP SES), and Geothermica – two networks that have co-funded projects developing innovative heat and cooling solutions.

A further US $1m from the US Department of Energy will fund researchers from the Idaho National Laboratory, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

University College Dublin, whose researchers are funded by Geothermica and the Geological Survey Ireland, and the University of Strathclyde, are also project partners.

Suzanne Sosna, director of energy transition at Scottish Enterprise, said: “This is a remarkable, collaborative project for Scottish Enterprise to support alongside international and Scottish partners from government, academia, and industry. I’ll watch with keen interest how gigabytes can turn into clean heat as the Edinburgh Geothermal project progresses. This initiative also highlights the energy transition market opportunities available for Scotland as we strive for net zero.”

Professor Sir Peter Mathieson, principal and vice-chancellor of the University of Edinburgh, said: “The university’s own climate and sustainability targets mean that we need to look at a wide range of ways to address the challenges of the climate crisis. This project brings together these commitments alongside our own innovative research to find solutions to tackle climate change that deliver direct benefits to people and influence positive change locally and globally.”

Main image: Professor Chris McDermott at the National Mining Museum. Credit: Neil Hanna


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